Trekking in Sikkim India is one of the most famous destination for trekkers and adventure lover’s paradise. It has been blessed with Mighty snow capped mountain peaks, unspoilt nature, geographical condition and varieties of Flora and Fauna that offers a lot for the lovers of Adventure Tourism. Apart from Trekking, Tours and Mountaineering, Sikkim offers various other activities like Mountain biking, River Rafting, Paragliding, Birds and Butterfly watching and many more.
Trekking in Sikkim is a wonderful experience an antidote to city stress of daily life and its memories will be cherished lifelong. While trekking one relishes the pure air and the silence of the wilderness and feels the awakening of senses dulled by Urban Living.
As you trek in Sikkim Himalayas, identifying peaks, mountains, rivers and places around you becomes a good pastime. And whether you can climb the next hilltop becomes more important than anything else in life. From a distance these mountains may seen formidable and unapproachable but as you near them they seem to welcome you into the forest vibrant with life.
Goechala Trek, Dzongri Trek, Kasturi Trek, Yambong Singalila Trek, Uttarey Singalila Trek and Kanchendzonga Trek in west Sikkim is a proper well beaten and famous trekking trails. At Yuksam the motorable road stops and the treks start. The treks range from an altitude of 1,700 meters to 4,950 meters. The trekking trails goes through forest of Rhododendrons, Magnolia and silvers with views of mighty Mt.Khanchendzonga and surrounding peak, like Mt.pandim, Jupono, Frey peaks, Kabru North / South, Kothang, Thinkchankhang, Thalung and a lots more. The Singilila trek route starting from both Uttarey Village and Nambu Village which has been recently open lies on the ridge defining the political boundary between Sikkim and Nepal. One can see the different peaks of Mt. Khanchendzonga range, Chola range and also villages of Nepal on the other side on the clear sunny day. In this particular trekking trail there are many high altitude lakes on the way and it is also known as the lake trek. The Kasturi Trek which is also know as Round Trek is another beautiful trekking trails which lies exactly on the opposite side of singalaila range.
North part of Sikkim is relatively less explored by trekkers and has its own adventure to offer. It is harder and the altitude goes up to 5,250meters high. The scenic view is a lot similar to the Tibetan plateau with Mt. Khanchendzonga, Tent peak, Chorten Nyima Range and one of the world's most beautiful peaks Mt. Sinolchu. The vegetation here is mostly alpine. Green Lake trek is one of the most famous trekking route in north sikkim, however the permission formalities for this trek is different than all others as one need to apply for this particular trek at least 2 months in advance. This trek is an Expedition style Trek.
Trekking in Sikkim range from 5 to 20 days or more. There are also shorter treks and day hikes option like Tendong trek, Hilley Varsey Trek and Yuksam One day private treks offering views of Mountains and variety of flora and fauna.
Checklist for Clothing & Equipment/Gears for Trek in Sikkim
Travel light is the phrase which we often hear in our trade. This expression hold water as it’s the bare essence of travelling. However, there are many aspects to consider when we prepare for trekking. One singular most important consideration that dictates our welfare is how to be suitably equipped to combat with elements of nature that we may come across like inclement weather and rugged and unforgiving terrains whilst on trek.
Though our intent is to provide check list with appropriate information however we ask you to examine and exercise discretion in most resilience manner based on your own outdoor experience and preference.
As mentioned, the art lies in maintaining finer balance between taking not too much or too little, especially considering that you need to equip yourself for all extremes of climate
Basic, Necessary & Light
HEAD Gears (Trekking Hat)
Trekking hatOn a clear, sunny day, the sun burnt will be an issue, at altitude, the sun rays are particularly strong. Bring a hat that shade your head, face and neck from the sun and also consider using Arab type scrap for further protection.You should bring a plentiful supply of sunscreen cream and a couple of large tubes of factor 6-10 (depending on your skin sensitivity).
Warm Cap Warm Hat
To combat with cold particular during early morning. A comfortable, warm hat such as one made from Polar Fleece or wool that covers your ears is recommended
sunglasses for trekAt altitude, the sun’s rays are particularly strong, and sunglasses with 100% ultraviolet and infrared filtration are recommended, . These glasses are available with detachable leather or plastic side pieces, which give increased protection. Make sure they are dark enough to keep your eyes comfortable on the brightest day.
Head Lamp for trekBring a good headlamp for this trek. It should be bright enough to use on the trail if we have a day that is longer than usual, an early start for a pass or climb, or for reading in your tent.L.E.D. headlamps are sufficient. Make sure you bring at least 2 extra bulbs and extra batteries.
warm glovesWarm Glove Liner with waterproof outer shell– At times it can get cold and windy. You should bring 2 pair of properly-fitted Wind Shields fleece glove liners and a pair of warm gloves with a waterproof outer shell to protect you from wind,
Liner Socks (2 Pairs)- If you prefer to wear two pair of socks your inner liner socks Liner (A thin wicking sock that repels moisture. Liner socks help to reduce the likelihood of blisters. The socks should be thin wool, nylon. NO COTTON.
Hiking Socks 1Hiking Socks ( 3 pairs)
– You should bring a thick woollen sock to use as an extra layer over the liner sock or some may prefer to wear just the hiking sock, in such case ensure it’s thick mainly natural fibres and of loop stitch construction for maximum warmth and comfort.
–This is one of the most important considerations, as blisters and sore feet will spoil your trek. We recommend that you take a pair of light to mid weight trekking boots, well broken -in, provide good ankle support and suitable for walking over rough terrain and comfortable over long distances. Good quality fabric boots are recommended.
Gaiters are an important piece of equipment, which will help to keep your feet warm and dry in wet condition. The simple â€œalpineâ€ style of gaiter which hooks onto the bootlaces and is held under the instep by a strap or lace is fine for most trekking applications.
Upper Body Gear
Mid – Weighmid weight top for trekt Top–
A mid to heavier weight thermal layer. Fitted, light-weight and quick drying. As we recommend to adopt the principle of “layering” this light to mid weight top can be used as base layer.
Warm Jacwarm fleece jacketket –As it can get cold during morning and night specifically at camp. You should incorporate a Polar guard or fleece jacket. This can be a very warm fleece or Polar guard jacket. Full zip is recommended.
Shell JacketsShell Jacket –As its highly unlikely for the rain during the trek or over the period of time but unpredictability of weather in Himalayas are renowned. To be equipped for any rain whilst on trek the shell jacket is advised. Shell garments made from breathable fabrics (GoreTex or equivalent) are recommended.
Down jacket–This is certainly not optional for this trek. This is what will keep you warm at higher region and at night.
light or mid weight trekking pant (2 pairs) A light or mid weight thermal bottom base-layer that will get you through a wide range of temperatures.
warm pants for trek– A pair of comfortable fleece or similar material warm pants are great for colder places and camping at night.
shell pantShell Pant– As its highly unlikely for the rain during the trek or over the period of time but unpredictability of weather in Himalayas are renowned. To be equipped for any rain whilst on trek and also from the cold wind the shell jacket is advised. Shell garments made from breathable fabrics (GoreTex or equivalent) are recommended.
Day pack for treks – A 2500 cubic inch pack should be large enough to carry the following items on trek. a) shell jacket and pants. b) fleece jacket, pants, extra pair of socks etc) Two water bottles, with at least 2 quart total capacity. d) camera plus accessories, binoculars, etc. e) first aid kit. You should test-pack your day pack before leaving home.
Duffel Bags (2 nos) – You’ll need one large duffle bag to hold everything, you do not put in your day pack, including your sleeping bag and mattress, while on trek. This bag should be durable, as it will be carried by porters and/or pack animals. A second smaller bag can be used to store items not used on trek at the group hotel.
You will need a 4-season sleeping bag rated to at least zero degrees. A full-length side zip is essential to facilitate ventilation on warmer nights. A cotton or fleece liner adds to the warmth and comfort of a bag and prevents it from becoming excessively soiled.
Sleeping Mattress – A mattress is needed primarily to insulate you from the cold ground, and you should take a quality closed-cell foam mat .On all camping treks, we provide light trekking mattresses. However, if you care for extra comfort and have a sensitive back, bring a self-inflatable trek mat.
Trekking Poles –Trekking poles can be good if you need extra support for your knees and/or ankles. Must be collapsible poles. Make sure that they are durable, lightweight + easily adjustable.